Introduction to Smart Home Automation
If you’ve been curious about turning your home into a smart home but if you don’t know where to begin because everything out there just seems kind of overwhelming with the amount of smart home solutions out there, this is going to be the post for you. In this post I’m going to take you through some options for creating a smart home. I’m going to take you through some of my personal experiences with smart home devices, as well as give you the latest information on what the smart home landscape looks like in 2021. Let’s dive in!
What are my Options?
When looking to turn your home into a smart home you can typically go two routes, the first of which is a do-it-yourself route where you buy all of the different smart home devices you want, you set them up and then you connect them all through a similar platform which is typically either the Google Assistant, Alexa, or Apple’s Siri/ HomeKit.
The second route is to use an integrator. These are companies that make home automation platforms and have regional installers that will come out and install an integrated solution for you. Some of the popular platforms that these installers use include ELAN, Control4, Savant, and Crestron, which all mainly target the luxury home market. So which one do you go with? Well, it actually depends on a few factors:
- How many pieces of your home are you planning to automate?
- What’s your budget – how much are you willing to spend?
- How comfortable would you be setting up all of this stuff yourself?
There should be 5 stages to the process:
- Installation, Customization & Configuration
- Ongoing Support
The experiences with integrators in this space can vary widely depending on how their user interfaces are designed and the third party platforms they can work with. It is my opinion that more important than these two points is the level of support you receive from the integrator throughout the project.
I believe this should be the deciding factor for you, the customer, whether or not you will hire the integrator in question. Thankfully things have been getting better in terms of what these systems can actually integrate in to, but there’s also been quite a bit of disruption for the integrators coming from the larger tech companies.
For example, if you look at the Google Nest or Amazon Ring websites, it’s obvious that they are both making a play to consumers who want the type of whole home solution that the traditional smart home automation companies provide.
Mainstream Consumer Tech
Going forward I’m going to focus on the mainstream consumer tech companies because their products are the ones that I think most people are going to actually buy in 2021. I will have another blog post that will be more specific to the route of using a professional integrator.
The first part in setting up one of these systems is choosing which core platform to go with that all of your smart devices will talk to and will be the central point of control for your smart home.
The major mainstream platforms you can choose from out there are Amazon’s Alexa devices, Google’s Google Assistant devices, or apple’s HomeKit-enabled devices. There are others though like Samsung SmartThings, but I would consider Amazon and Google to be ahead in this space because of the dominance of their voice assistant platforms. Now luckily, today, most smart home devices now work with both Amazon and Google’s platforms and a lot of devices also work with Apple’s HomeKit. Apple is actually the company that is going to gain the most out of a new alliance that was announced late last year between Amazon, Apple, Google, and ZigBee, called Connected Home Over IP. This Alliance hopes to form a common standard for the smart home which should make the ecosystem as a whole less fragmented, however, it will take years for this alliance and their new standard to be implemented, which is why my advice right now is to still go with Amazon or Google.
If you already have a lot of Apple devices though and want to stay in their ecosystem, that’s certainly a reason to stick with HomeKit. Once you decide which core platform is right for you to run your smart home, now it’s time to talk about the devices that actually make your home a smart home. Typically you can divide the types of devices into several main categories including: music, media, lighting, climate, security & surveillance, and appliances / accessories.
First let’s look at music with whole home audio. This functionality allows you to play different music in different parts of your home. Now typically through a voice assistant. You have various options here. Amazon, Google, and Apple, all make their own speakers that natively play music from various music streaming services. There are also third-party speakers and systems you can buy from companies like Sonos and Bose that can work with all three companies’ platforms. Some Bose and Sonos speakers even have Alexa and the Google Assistant directly built in.
Next, let’s take a look at controlling your media rooms within your smart home. Typically this involves controlling your TV and associated speakers as well as the lighting in your media rooms. we’ll get to lighting though in just a second. Right now, the best integration with your TV from the consumer companies would either come from Amazon or Google. They both sell devices that can control your TV, turn it on and off with an assistant, as well as deliver content from all of the major streaming services you’d expect and they’re relatively affordable. Google’s Chromecast in particular is pretty powerful thanks to its casting feature. You can cast media from your Android, iPhone, or any Chrome browser over Wi-Fi to Chromecast enabled devices which makes it easy to cast a media from phone to your TV and then pause and cast it to your bedroom TV.
Google’s newer versions of the Chromecast devices, as well as the Amazon Fire Stick, can also turn off and on your TV and receiver and other devices connected to it through a technology called HDMI CEC which most newer models of TV come equipped with. Amazon will even go a step further with integrations with receivers, sound bars, and TVs through its Fire Cube TV product which will switch HDMI inputs and other functions with your voice through Alexa. Both companies allow you to use your voice to control your media hardware as well as tell either Alexa or the Google Assistant what media you want to play on a specific screen. Now the Apple TV unfortunately can’t be controlled to turn on and off your TV using Siri. Overall through, I quite like the Apple TV. It has a dedicated remote which the Google Chromecast doesn’t have, and it also has something similar to casting called Airplay where you can stream media from pretty much any Apple device with a screen to your TV.
Next up, let’s talk smart lighting and this category is pretty interesting because neither Amazon, Apple, or Google, produce their own smart lights.
Unlike with the speaker and media device categories, there are generally two approaches to doing smart lighting in your home. You either make the light bulb smart or you make the switch smart. You can also use a combination of these two approaches because some light fixtures you find just are not going to have a smart bulb equivalent to the ball that the light fixture takes. The main players in smart lights right now are Philips, GE, Lifx, IKEA, and Eufy. These smart light manufacturers make LED bulbs that can typically be categorized into three groups: plain white, bulbs that go from daylight to warm white, or multicolored bulbs. These types of bulbs either connect through Bluetooth or Wi-Fi and some may require a hub that you will need to connect to your Wi-Fi router. Smart lights save you a lot of time and steps throughout your house.
You can turn all of your lights off at night with just your voice, you can make sure you turn them all off while you’re away from home through the smartphone app. typically you can create routines with them so you wake up with your lights dimming up with sunrise colors and you can usually set geofencing with your lights so they automatically turn on when you arrive home and turn off when you leave. There are also other accessories you can get with your smart lights like wireless dimmer switches that you can assign to control a variety of lights in your residence. Philips Hue probably has the most accessories and different types of smart lights available today especially when it comes to light bulbs.
For smart light switches some popular brands out there are Wemo, Casa, Ecobee, and Lutron. These switches connect to your home’s Wi-Fi network and replace the switch you have in your existing wall, allowing you to either control the lights with the switch, a phone app, or with a smart assistant. These are a great option if you’re doing a home remodel or building a new home where you already need light switches anyways or if you just don’t want to or can’t put smart bulbs into a fixture.
It is my opinion that the better route to take when it comes to smart lighting is to replace switches and dimmers rather than the bulbs as it gives you greater flexibility at a more affordable price point. Imagine wanting to control all 8 lights in your kitchen – you can either replace all 8 bulbs, or a single switch…get the idea?
Next up, let’s talk climate control and mainly smart thermostats. These are thermostats that are Wi-Fi connected and can be controlled by your smart assistants. Some popular ones include the Nest Learning Thermostat made by Google, the Ecobee 4, and various smart Honeywell thermostats. Some you can program like more traditional thermostats with weekly schedules, while others like the Nest, learn your usage patterns and use AI to predict what the temperature should be set to.
Most of them now allow you to stick sensors in different rooms around your house to aggregate the temperature data in your home to give you a true home temperature. Most smart thermostats will also work with the big three smart assistant platforms and their installation is pretty easy.
Next let’s talk smart home security systems. Home security has been around for a while, but there are also new players in this space now as well, that give a different type of experience to their customers, allowing them to place sensors, base stations, cameras, and other equipment anywhere in their home that they want. An example of such player is Ring which does come with a monitoring service, but it’s optional, allowing you to have a self-monitored solution.
Ring Alarm has a home base, sensors for the doors and windows, motion sensors, leak and freeze sensors, smoke/CO2 alarm listening devices, cameras, smart locks, and smart doorbells to name a few. Besides the monitoring service and consumer tech focus, the other benefit of a service such is this is that they typically integrate with the main platform assistants, so you can ask Alexa to arm your alarm, or ask Google to see the downstairs living room camera etc.
Smart accessories are typically going to cost you less to buy so if you’re just starting your smart home, my recommendation would be to get some smart accessories first that mesh with your smart home platform and then get appliances as you need them over time. Smart plugs are an easy and affordable place to start – they turn any appliance into one that can be simply turned on or off by any of the major smart home assistant platforms. They’re especially handy when it comes to the holidays for decorating.
For example, during the holiday season you can use several smart plugs to help link your holiday lights to the Google Assistant or Alexa. Next, you would group all of them into a room called Christmas lights and then ask Google or Alexa to turn on the Christmas lights.
Once you choose your smart home platform and start buying devices and accessories for your smart home, you’re just going to be amazed at how easy it is to start automating some of the most mundane aspects of your life. Like turning off the lights in every room of your house with your voice, or do things you could only have dreamed of years ago like a thermostat that you never have to adjust because it’s learned how you like to keep the temperature in your home, moving through your house with the same music playing on multiple speakers in multiple rooms, or asking your smart assistant for your Roomba to clean the kitchen after you’ve finished making dinner.
There are many things that should effect your decision of whether you go the DIY route or by using a professional integrator installing one of the bigger more encompassing systems – some of which I did not go into detail in this post (cloud vs. local, privacy, etc). I will do this in the next post so you can make an informed decision after reading about all the relevant information.
Smart home devices have the power to really change your life for the better and they’re an important part of what we do here at Smart Homes Pro. So if you’d like to learn more about smart home products, make sure you subscribe to our newsletter to get regular updates of new posts. If you have any questions about the smart home landscape or you want to see a review about a specific smart home product, make sure to leave a comment below.
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